Wednesday, 14 June 2017

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Amer Fort (Hindi: आमेर क़िला or Amber Fort) could be a fort settled in Amer, Rajasthan, India. Amer could be a city with a region of four sq. kilometres (1.5 sq mi) settled eleven kilometres (6.8 mi) from Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan. settled high on a hill, it's the principal traveler attraction within the Jaipur space. The city of Amer was originally engineered by Meenas, and later it had been dominated by Raja Man Singh I (December twenty one, 1550 – Gregorian calendar month half dozen, 1614). Amer Fort is thought for its inventive Hindu vogue parts. With its massive ramparts and series of gates and cobbled methods, the fort overlooks Maota Lake, that is that the main supply of water for the Amer Palace. made of red arenaceous rock and marble, the enticing, rich palace is set out on four levels, every with a curtilage. It consists of the Diwan-i-Aam, or "Hall of Public Audience", the Diwan-i-Khas, or "Hall of personal Audience", the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and also the Sukh Niwas wherever a cool climate is by artificial means created by winds that go by a water cascade inside the palace. Hence, the Amer Fort is additionally popularly referred to as the Amer Palace. The palace was the residence of the Rajput Maharajas and their families. At the doorway to the palace close to the fort's Ganesha Gate, there's a temple dedicated to Shila Hindu deity, a divinity of the Chaitanya cult, that was given to Raja Man Singh once he defeated the Raja of Jessore, geographical area in 1604. (Jessore is currently in Bangladesh). This palace, along with Jaigarh Fort, is located immediately above on the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the same Aravalli range of hills.
The palace and Jaigarh Fort are considered one complex, as the two are connected by a subterranean passage. This passage was meant as an escape route in times of war to enable the royal family members and others in the Amer Fort to shift to the more redoubtable Jaigarh Fort. Annual tourist visitation to the Amer Palace was reported by the Superintendent of the Department of Archaeology and Museums as 5000 visitors a day, with 1.4 million visitors during 2007. At the 37th session of the World Heritage Committee held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, in 2013, Amer Fort, along with five other forts of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan.Earlier to the Kachwahas, Amer was a small place built by Meenas in the town they consecrated to Amba, the Mother Goddess, whom they knew as 'Gatta Rani' or 'Queen of the Pass'.The fort is originally believed to have been built by Raja Man Singh during 967 CE.
Amer Fort, as it stands now, was built over the remnants of this earlier structure during the reign of Raja Man Singh, the Kachwaha King of Amber. The structure was fully expanded by his descendant, Jai Singh I. Even later, Amer Fort underwent improvements and additions by successive rulers over the next 150 years, until the Kachwahas shifted their capital to Jaipur during the time of Sawai Jai Singh II, in 1727. According to Tod this region was known as Khogong. The Meena King Raja Ralun Singh also known as Alan Singh Chanda of Khogong kind-heartedly adopted a stranded Rajput mother and her child who sought refuge in his realm. Later, the Meena king sent the child, Dhola Rae, to Delhi to represent the Meena kingdom. The Rajput, in gratitude for these favours, returned with Rajput conspirers and massacred the weaponless Meenas on Diwali while performings rituals i.e. Pitra Trapan, it is customery in the Meenas to be weaponless at the time of PitraTrapan, "filling the reservoirs in which the Meenas bathed with their dead bodies" [Tod.II.281] and thus conquered Khogong.This act of Kachwaha Rajputs was termed as most coward and shameful in history of Rajasthan.
The primary Rajput structure was started by Raja Kakil Dev once Amber became his capital in 1036 on the location of gift day Jaigarh Fort of Rajasthan. abundant of Amber's current buildings were started or expanded  throughout the reign of Raja Man Singh I within the 1600s. Among the chief building is that the Diwan-i-Khas in Amber Palace of Rajasthan and also the intricately paited Ganesha Poll engineered by the Mirza Raja Jai Singh I. this Amer Palace, was created within the late sixteenth century, as a bigger palace to the already existing home of the rulers. The older palace, referred to as Kadimi Mahal (Persian for ancient) is thought to be the oldest living palace in Asian nation. This ancient palace sits within the depression behind the Amer Palace.Amer was legendary within the medieval amount as Dhundar (meaning attributed to a putting to death mount within the western frontiers) and dominated by the Kachwahas from the eleventh century forward – between 1037 and 1727 AD, until the capital was affected from Amer to Jaipur. The history of Amer is indelibly coupled to those rulers as they based their empire at Amer. several of the traditional structures of the medieval amount of the Meenas are either destroyed or replaced. However, the sixteenth century spectacular structure of the Amer Fort and also the palace complicated inside it engineered by the Rajput Maharajas ar alright preserved.

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